Learning Activity – Exposure Basics.

Learning Activities

1 – Name all the functions on the front of your camera.

Nikon-D3300-front

A -Infrared receiver, this is located on the front of the handle (The black dot in the centre)
B – Red eye reduction / Focus assist lamp, this is the led lamp under the mode dial (Right next to the shutter release button).
C – Microphone. (The three holes on to top right of the front)
D – Lens release button. (The black half moon button next to the lens on the right side)
E – Lens mounting mark. (This is a white mark just above the lens release Button)

2 – Name all the functions on the back of your camera.

nikon-d3300-back

A – Information Edit (Bottom left marked with an i).
B – Thumbnail / Playback zoom out (Second button from the bottom left marked with an – ).
C – Playback zoom in ( third button from the bottom left marked with a +).
D – Menu Button (Fourth button marked Menu).
E – Image playback button (The “Play” button on the top left).
F – Top left is another infrared receiver (Black dot).
G – Mode dial (top left turn dial on the top of the camera).
H – AutoExposure / AutoFocus lock button (Marked AE-L AF-L).
I – Command dial (integrated turn dial on the top left).
j – Live view (button marked LV just over the “OK” dial).
K – OK Button (Centre left marked OK).
L – Multi selector (This is the dial surrounding the OK button).
M – Delete image button (Bottom left button marked with  trash bin).
N – Release Mode / Self timer / Remote (bottom left next to the Delete image button).
O – LCD / Information Screen (Centre screen).

3 – Explain how you would set the correct ISO.
The ISO is usually 100. You can change this around when you have  photos that need to be taken in the dark. On the D3300 you can set the ISO from 100 to HI1. the modes in-between are 200 – 400 – 800 – 1600 – 3200 – 6400 – 12800.
Usually i would never go over 400, maybe 800 if i am in a pinch. Only when it is really dark and don’t have the opportunity to use a longer shutter speed.

4 – Explain how you would change the aperture
With aperture you can change several aspects of a photo. mainly the exposure, meaning blur and focus. I also use this to let in more light if i am in a darker area (a low F stop), if am am doing landscape photography or taking photos of a larger area i would use a high F stop number to make sure most of the image is sharp and in focus. If i am focusing on a portrait or something specific i would use a low F stop to blur out some of the background, bringing the item or person i am “shooting” into focus instead of the backdrop.
The F stops on the Nikon D3300 can be set to and from : F 3.5 – F 4 – F 4.5 – F 5 – F 5.6 – F 6.3 – F 7.1 – F8 – F 9 – F 10 – F 11 – F 13 – F 14 – F 16 – F18 – F 20 – F 22.

5 – Explain how you would change the shutter speed.
Shutter speed is  very situational, depending on what you are taking pictures of. if you have good lighting and are taking photos of something that moves around or is fast a faster shutter speed is good. the problem with a fast shutter speed is that if you do not have good lighting the image will get very dark,  this can be compensated for by tweaking the ISO settings  and having the aperture let in more light. if you have a low shutter speed (using a long closing time) the photo lets in more light and is good for taking  images of landscapes and darker areas, un less something is moving around. it is also a good way to take photos with blur. like the night photos you see where the cars are just a streak of headlights. If you are using a longer shutter speed you will need a tripod to ensure the camera is stable. this ensures you don’t get blurry photos, it is hard to use a long shutter speed while holding the camera, unless you lean it or put it against something. the images you get from this mode can however be very interesting. I like using very long shutter speeds while taking time lapse photos or imagery of the stars and northern lights.

Finally we were to take at least 5 photos a day for a week,aand then post a selection of 6 images out of all these photos with an expllanation of the settings we used. All images are shot with a manual camera setting and little to none post processing.

Blue Archer: F/5.3 ISO 400 Shutter speed 1/100
Tweety: F/5.6 ISO 100 Shutter speed 1/20
CoffeLars: F/5.0 ISO 100 Shutter speed 1/100
Old barrel house: F/8.0  ISO 100 Shutter speed 1/10
Alley smoke: F/3.8 ISO 400 Shutter speed 1/25

And as awlays, thank you for reading. enjoy the images.

-J

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